Food Labeling: Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels

This Proposed Rule document was issued by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

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List of References re Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels

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Reference 1 FDA Memorandum to the File Regulatory History Related to Nutrition Labeling for Proposed Rule Food Labeling Revision...

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Reference 2 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention August 13 2012 Chronic Diseases and Health Promotion

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Reference 3 Lloyd Jones et al Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics 2010 Update A Report From the American Heart Association

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Reference 4 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet 2011

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Reference 5 National Cancer Institute 2011 Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results SEER Stat Fact Sheets All Sites

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Reference 6 US Department of Agriculture and Department of Health and Human Services 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans 2010

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Reference 7 Flegal et al Prevalence and Trends in Obesity among US Adults 1999 2008

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Reference 8 Ogden et al Prevalence of High BMI in US Children and Adolescents 2007 2008

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Reference 9 NIH Clinical Guidelines on the Identification Evaluation and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults

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Reference 10 IOM DRIs for Water Potassium Sodium Chloride and Sulfat Chapter 6 Sodium and Chloride

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Reference 11 FDA Memorandum to the File Total Usual Intakes of Sodium for 4 Years and Older 2014

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Reference 12 Usual Sodium Intakes Compared With Current Dietary Guidelines United States 2005 2008

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Reference 13 IOM of the National Academies. The Development of the DRIs 1994 2004 Lessons Learned and New Challenges Workshop...

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Reference 14 IOM of the National Academies How Should the Recommended Dietary Allowances Be Revised

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Reference 15 IOM of the National Academies. Dietary Reference Intakes The Essential Guide to Nutrient Requirements

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Reference 16 IOM DRIs for Calcium, Phosphorous, Magnesium Vitamin D and Fluoride

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Reference 17 IOM DRIs for Thiamin, Riboflavin Niacin B6 Folate B12 Pantothenic Acid Biotin and Choline

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Reeference 18 IOM DRIs for Vitamin C Vitamin E Selenium and Carotenoids

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Reference 19 IOM DRIs for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine and others

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Reference 20 IOM DRIs Summary for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty Acids Cholesterol Protein and Amino Acids

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Reference 21 IOM DRIs for Water Potassium Sodium Chloride and Sulfate

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Reference 22 IOM Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium and Vitamin D

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Reference 23 IOM DRIs for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty Acids Cholesterol Protein and Amino Acids

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Reference 24 IOM DRIs Definition of Dietary Fiber

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Reference 25 IOM DRIs Guiding Principles for Nutrition Labeling and Fortification

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Reference 26 IOM DRIs Applications in Dietary Planning

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Reference 27 IOM Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the United States

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Reference 28 IOM Examination of Front-of Package Nutrition Rating Systems and Symbols Phase I Report

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Reference 29 IOM Front of Package Nutrition Ratings Systems and Symbols Promoting Healthier Choices

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Reference 30 USDA and HHS 2010 Report of the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee

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Reference 31USDA and HHS 1980 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

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Reference 32 USDA and HHS 1985 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

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Reference 33 USDA and HHS 1990 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

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Reference 34 USDA and HHS 1995 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

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Reference 35 USDA and HHS 2000 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

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Reference 36 USDA and HHS 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans

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Reference 37 CDC About the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

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Reference 38 Derby Do Food Labels Work

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Reference 39 FDA 2002 Health and Diet Survey Topline Frequency Report

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Reference 40 FDA 2008 Health and Diet Survey Dietary Guidelines Supplement

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Reference 41 FDA 2010 Health and Diet Survey Topline Frequencies

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Reference 42 Todd Changes in Eating Patterns and Diet quality Among Working Age Adults 2005 2010

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Reference 43 Levy Patterson Kristal Li How well do consumers understand percentage DV on labels AJPH 2000

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Reference 44 Lando Labiner Wolf Helping consumers make more healthful food choices

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Reference 45 IFIC Food Label Consumer Research Project

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Reference 46 FDA Meeting Minutes from the Nutrition Subcommittee of the Food Advisory Committee Meeting on Total Fat and Trans Fat

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Reference 47 Memo Comments Considered in the Development of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Proposed Rule

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Reference 47 01 Ref 9 in Memorandum to the File Comments Considered in the Development of the Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 47 02 Ref 18 in Memorandum to the File Comments Considered in the Development of the Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 47 03 Ref 25 in Memorandum to the File Comments Considered in the Development of the Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 47 04 Ref 27 in Memorandum to the File Comments Considered in the Development of the Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 48 FDA Memorandum to the File Evaluation Process of the Public Health Significance of Essential Vitamins and Minerals...

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Reference 49 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

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Reference 50 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

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Reference 51 Daintith Dictionary of Science 6 Ed

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Reference 52 Lewis Hawleys Condensed Chemical Dictionary 15th Ed

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Reference 53 deMan Principles of Food Chemistry 3d

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Reference 54 Klein et al Alimentary Tract and Nutrition In Modern Nutrition In Health and Disease 10th Ed

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Reference 55 Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program NCEP Expert Panel on Detection Evaluation, and Treatment...

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Reference 56 Hornick et al Menu Modeling with MyPyramid Food Patterns Incremental Dietary Changes Lead to Dramatic Improvements in...

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Reference 57 FDA November 28 2012 Health Claim Notification for Saturated Fat Cholesterol and Trans Fat and Reduced Risk of Heart...

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Reference 58 Doell et al Updated Estimate of Trans Fat Intake by the US Population

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Reference 59 FDA Letter Responding to Health Claim Petition dated November 3 2003 Martek Petition Omega3 Fatty Acids and Reduced...

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Reference 60 Yokoyama et al Effects of EPA on Major Coronary Events in Hypercholesterolaemic Patients JELIS a Randomised Open...

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Reference 61 FDA Letter Responding to Health Claim Petition for Monounsaturated Fatty Acids from Olive Oil and Coronary Heart...

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Reference 62 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

Abstract: Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty Acids Cholesterol Protein and Amino Acids Macronutrients Chapter 9 Cholesterol
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Reference 63 Merrill et al Energy Value of Foods Basis and Derivation

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Reference 64 Higson Analytical Chemistry

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Reference 65 USDA Agricultural Research Service USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory 2010 Composition of Foods Raw Processed Prepared...

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Reference 66 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

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Reference 67 Codex Alimentarius 2010 Guidelines on Nutrition Labeling

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Reference 68 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

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Reference 68 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

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Reference 69 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty...

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Reference 70 Putnam et al 1999 Food Consumption Prices and Expenditures 1970 1997 Food and Rural Economics Division Economic...

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Reference 71 Gidding et al Dietary Recommendations for Children and Adolescents A guide for Practitioners Consensus Statement From...

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Reference 72 et al Dietary Sugars Intake and Cardiovascular Health A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

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Reference 73 World Health Organization Diet Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases Report of a WHO Study Group

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Reference 74 FDA January 1 2009 Guidance for Industry Evidence Based Review System for Scientific Evaluation of Health Claims...

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Reference 75 CSPI Food Labeling Chaos The Case for Reform

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Reference 76 USDA 1992 Food Guide Pyramid

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Reference 77 Skibsted et al Chemical Deterioration and Physical Instability of Food and Beverages

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Reference 78 FDA Memorandum to the File Effects of Maillard Reaction Caramelization and Fermentation on Added Sugar Content of...

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Reference 79 Murano Understanding Food Science and Technology

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Reference 80 Memorandum to the File Summary of Comments Received to the 1999 CSPI Petition on Added Sugars Docket No FDA 1999 P...

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Reference 80 01 Ref 2 of Memorandum to the File Summary of Comments Received to the 1999 CSPI Petition on Added Sugars Docket No...

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Reference 81 Life Sciences Research Office The Evaluation of the Energy of Certain Sugar Alcohols Used as Food Ingredients

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Reference 82 Life Sciences Research Office Evaluation of the Net Energy Value of Maltitol

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Reference 83 McCleary et al CODEX definition by Enzymatic Gravimetric Method and Liquid Chromatography Collaborative Study

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Reference 84 IOM DRI for Energy Carbohydrate Fiber Fat Fatty Acids Cholesterol Protein and Amino Acids Chapter 10 Protein and...

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Reference 85 USDA What We Eat In America NHANES 2007 2008 Mean Amounts Consumed Per Individual by Gender and Age

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Reference 86 FAO and WHO Protein Quality Evaluation Report of Joint FAO WHO Expert Consultation Rome Food and Agriculture...

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Reference 87 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Sodium Intake in Populations Assessment of Evidence

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Reference 88 NRC Diet and Health Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk

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Reference 89 IOM Strategies to Reduce Sodium Intake in the US Committee s Considerations and Recommendations Chapter 8

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Reference 90 Phosphorous, Magnesium Vitamin D and Fluoride Chapter 8 Fluoride

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Reference 91 FDA Health Claim Notification for Fluoridated Water and Reduced Risk of Dental Caries

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Reference 92 EPA Fluoride, Exposure and Relative Source Contribution Analysis

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Reference 93 HHS Surgeon General s Report on Nutrition and Health

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Reference 94 LSRO Nutrition Monitoring in the United States

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Reference 95 IOM Nutrition Labeling Issues and Directions for the 1990s

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Reference 96 IOM DRIs Applications in Dietary Assessment

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Reference 97 Gibson Principles of Nutrition Assessment

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Reference 98 HHS Bone Health and Osteoporosis A Report of the Surgeon General

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Reference 99 Looker Prevalence and Trends in Low Femur Bone Density Among Older US Adults

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Reference 100 IOM DRIs for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine Iron Manganese and others Chapter 9 Iron

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Reference 101 CDC Second National Report on Biochemical Indicators of Diet and Nutrition

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Reference 102 Cook The Quantitative Assessment of Body Iron

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Reference 103 Cogswell Assessment of Iron Deficiency in US Preschool Children and Nonpregnant Females of Childbearing Age

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Reference 104 HHS Healthy People 2020 Objectives Iron Deficiency

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Reference 105 IOM DRIs for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine Iron and others Chapter 4 Vitamin A

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Reference 106 The Effect of Vitamin E and Beta Carotene on the Incidence of Lung Cancer and Other Cancers in Male Smokers

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Reference 107 Omenn Effects of a Combination of Beta Carotene and Vitamin A on Lung Cancer and Cardiovascular Disease

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Reference 108 FDA Antioxidant Vitamins C and E and Reduction in the Risk of Site Specific Cancers

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Reference 109 FDA Guidance for Industry Estimating Dietary Intake of Substances in Food

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Reference 110 Cappuccio Does Potassium Supplementation Lower Blood Pressure

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Reference 111 Whelton Effects of Oral Potassium on Blood Pressure

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Reference 112 Geleijnse Blood Pressure Response to Changes in Sodium and Potassium Intake

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Reference 113 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2012 High Blood Pressure Facts

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Referebce 114 FDA 2000 Health Claim Diets Containing Foods That Are Good Sources of Potassium and Low in Sodium May Reduce the...

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Reference 115 FDA Memorandum to the File Declaration of Current Voluntarily Declared Essential Vitamins and Minerals and Choline

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Reference 115 01 Ref 10 from Memorandum to the File Declaration of Current Voluntarily Declared Essential Vitamins and Minerals...

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Reference 116 Hill et al Top Food Sources Contributing to Vitamin D Intake and the Association of Ready to Eat Cereal and...

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Reference 117 Census Bureau Projections of the Resident Population by Sex Race and Hispanic Origin

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Reference 118 WHO Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Monitoring Their Elimination

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Reference 119 Beaton When Is an Individual an Individual Versus a Member of a Group

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Reference 120 Borra Consumer Perspectives on Food Labels

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Reference 121 Fulgoni Dietary Reference Intakes for Food Labeling

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Reference 122 Krester The New Dietary Reference Intakes in Food Labeling

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Reference 123 Murphy The RDA Should Not be Abandoned

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Reference 124 Murphy RDAs should be used to set Daily Values for Nutrition Labeling

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Reference 125 Tarasuk Use of Population Weighted EAR as a Basis for DVs on Food Labels

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Reference 126 Yates Which DRI is Best Suited to Serve as the Basis for Nutrition Labeling for DVs

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Reference 127 International Food Information Council IFIC Foundation 2007 Food and Health Survey Consumer Attitudes Toward Food...

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Reference 128 International Food Information Council IFIC Foundation 2010 Food and Health Survey Consumer Attitudes Toward Food...

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Reference 129 International Food Information Council IFIC Foundation 2006 Food and Health Survey Consumer Attitudes Toward Food...

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Reference 130 International Food Information Council IFIC Foundation 2009 Food and Health Survey Consumer Attitudes Toward Food...

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Reference 131 USDA Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion 2011 USDA Food Patterns Comparison of Nutrient Content of Each 2010...

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Reference 132 FDA Memorandum to the File Documentation for the Methodology Used to Determine Total Usual Intakes of Vitamins and...

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Reference 132 01 Ref 2 from Memorandum to the File Documentation for the Methodology Used to Determine Total Usual Intakes of...

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Reference 132 02 Ref 4 from Memorandum to the File Documentation for the Methodology Used to Determine Total Usual Intakes of...

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Reference 132 03 Ref 15 from Memorandum to the File CDC NHANES 2003 2004 Data Documentation Codebook and Frequencies

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Reference 132 04 Ref 16 from Memorandum to the File Documentation for the Methodology Used to Determine Total Usual Intakes of...

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Reference 132 05 Ref 17 from Memorandum to the File Documentation for the Methodology Used to Determine Total Usual Intakes of...

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Reference 132 06 Ref 18 from Memorandum to the File Documentation for the Methodology Used to Determine Total Usual Intakes of...

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Reference 133 Block et al The Calcium Quandry How Consumers Use Nutrition Labels

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Reference 134 Institute of Medicine IOM of the National Academies Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron...

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Reference135 NRC Recommended Dietary Allowances, 9th Edition

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Reference136 IOM DRIs for Water Potassium Sodium Chloride and Sulfat Chapter 5 Potassium

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Reference137 IOM DRIs for Thiamin Riboflavin Niacin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 Pantothenic Acid and others Chapter 12 Choline

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Reference138 FDA Nutrient Content Claim Notification for Choline Containing Foods

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Reference139 O Neil Food Sources of Energy and Nutrients Among Adults in the US NHANES 2003 06

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Reference140 IOM DRIs Summary for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine and others

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Reference141 IOM DRIs for Thiamin Riboflavin Niacin Vitamin B6 Folate Vitamin B12 and others Chapter 8 Folate

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Reference142 U S Pharmacopeia The National Formulary

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Reference143 IOMDRIs for Vitamin C Vitamin E Selenium and Carotenoids Chapter 6 Vitamin E

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Reference144 FDA Food Labeling Guide

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Reference145 Breastfeeding and Use of Human Milk

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Reference146 NIH NHLBI Integrated Guidelines for Cardiovascular Health and Risk Reduction in Children and Adolescents

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Reference147 Akers Normal Nutrition During Infancy

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Reference148 Devaney Nutrient Intakes of Infants and Toddlers

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Reference149 Fox Sources of Energy and Nutrients in the Diets of Infants and Toddlers

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Reference150 Butte Nutrient Intakes of US Infants Toddlers and Preschoolers Meet or Exceed DRIs

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Reference 151 AAP Pediatric Nutrition Handbook p 723

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Reference 152 IOM DRIs for Calcium Phosphorous Magnesium Vitamin D and Fluoride Chapter 4 Calcium

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Reference 153 Greer Optimizing Bone Health and Calcium Intakes

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Reference 154 Polhamus Pediatric Nutrition Surveillance 2009 Report

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Reference 155 Looker Prevalence of Iron Deficiency in the United States

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Reference 156 CDC Growth Charts

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Reference 157 IOM DRIs for Energy Carbohydrate Fibe Fat Fatty Acids Cholesterol Protein and Amino Acids Chapter 1 Introduction to...

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Reference 158 IOM DRIs for Vitamin A Vitamin K Arsenic Boron Chromium Copper Iodine Iron and others Chapter 12 Zinc

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Reference 159 Cusick Unexplained Decline in the Prevalence of Anemia Among US Children and Women

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Reference 160 Gomez Palacio Graphic Design Referenced

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Reference 161 Levy Nutrition Labeling Formats Performance and Preference

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Reference 162 Levy More Effective Nutrition Label Formats Not Necessarily Preferred

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Reference 163 Levy Performance Characteristics Seven Nutrition Label Formats

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Reference 164 Lando Single Larger Portion Size and Dual Column Nutrition Labeling May Help Consumers Make More Healthful Choices

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Reference 165 FDA Calories Count Report of the Working Group on Obesity

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Reference 166 Knemeyer Information Design The Understanding Discipline

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Reference 167 Lidwell Universal Principles of Design

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Reference 168 Goldberg Visual Search of Food Nutrition Labels

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Reference 169 Wogalter Attention Capture and Maintenance

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Reference 170 Wogalter Effects of Label Format on Knowledge Aquisition and Perceived Readability by Younger and Older Adults

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Reference 171 Lupton Thinking with Type

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Reference 172 Marino Configural Displays Can Improve Nutrition Related Decisions

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Reference 173 Vessey Cognitive Fit An empirical Study of Information Acquisition

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Reference 174 Campos Nutrition Labels on Pre Packaged Foods A Systematic Review

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Reference 175 Cowburn Consumer Understanding and Use of Nutrition Labeling A Systematic Review

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Reference 176 Fagerlin Quantitative Information in Communicating Risks and Benefits An Evidence Based Users Guide

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Reference 177 Li Facilitating Influence of Consumer Knowledge on the Effectiveness of Daily Value Reference Information

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Reference 178 Riis Simplified Nutrition Guidelines to Fight Obesity

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Reference 179 FDA Spot the Block Campaign

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Reference 180 A Key to Choosing Healthful Foods Using the Nutrition Facts Label

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Reference 181 FDA Office of Nutrition Labeling and Dietary Supplements Memorandum to the File Documentation of Websites that Use...

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Abstract: The following references starting with 182 are references from the "Memorandum to the File: Documentation of Websites that Use the 5/20 Rule" re Reference 181-01 thru 181-18
 

Reference 182 White Elements of Graphic Design

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Reference 183 Dictionarycom Definition of Carb re Define Carb at Dictionarycom

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Publication Reference: Define Carb at Dictionary.com
 

Reference 184 Google Trends Search Terms Total Carb and Total Carbs re Google 2004

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Reference 185 Kessler et al Developing the Nutrition Facts Food Label

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Reference 186 Viswanathan et al Understanding and Facilitating the Usage of Nutrition Labels by Low Literate Consumers

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Reference 187 FDA Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis PRIA for the Nutrition Facts and Serving Size Proposed Rules

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Abstract: ... FDA Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels NPR and Food Labeling Serving Sizes of Foods That Can Reasonably Be Consumed At One Eating Occasion Dual Column Labeling Updating Modifying and Establishing Certain Reference Amounts Customarily Consumed Serving Size for Breath Mints and Technical Amendments NPR 2004 N 0258 2014
 

Reference 187 01 Ref 13 from FDA Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 187 02 Ref 15 from FDA Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 187 03 Ref 21 from FDA Preliminary Regulatory Impact Analysis PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and...

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Reference 187 04 Ref 31 from FDA PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels Proposed Rule...

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Reference 187 05 Ref 33 from FDA PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels Proposed Rule...

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Reference 187 06 Ref 44 from FDA PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels Proposed Rule...

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Reference 187 07 Ref 56 from FDA PRIA for the Food Labeling Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels Proposed Rule...

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Reference 188 Environmental Assessment for the Revision of the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels February 13 2014

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Reference 189 FDA Finding of No Significant Impact for the Proposed Revisions to the Nutrition and Supplement Facts Labels...

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Comment Now!
Due Jun 2 2014, at 11:59 PM ET
ID: FDA-2012-N-1210-0002

Document Information

Date Posted: Mar 3, 2014
RIN: 0910-AF22
CFR: 21 CFR Part 101
Federal Register Number: 2014-04387
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Comments

5,926
Comments Received*
See attached file(s)
I would like to be able to pick up a food product and know exactly where this product was grown/raised, harvested and packaged..........Not knowing what...
I support these changes. I am most interested is seeing the addition of added sugars and the updates to the serving size.

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