Pest Risk Analyses; Availability: Importation of Fresh Litchi From the Republic of South Africa Into the Continental United States

This Notice document was issued by the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS)

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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
[Docket No. APHIS-2010-0112]

Notice of Availability of a Pest Risk Analysis for the Importation of Fresh Litchi From the Republic of South Africa Into the Continental United States

Agency

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.

Action

Notice.

Summary

We are advising the public that we have prepared a pest risk analysis that evaluates the risks associated with the importation of fresh litchi from the Republic of South Africa into the continental United States. Based on that analysis, we have concluded that the application of one or more designated phytosanitary measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks of introducing or disseminating plant pests or noxious weeds via the importation of litchi from the Republic of South Africa. We are making the pest risk analysis available to the public for review and comment.

Dates

We will consider all comments that we receive on or before April 4, 2011.

Addresses

You may submit comments by either of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: Go to http://www.regulations.gov/fdmspublic/component/main?main=DocketDetail&d=APHIS-2010-0112 to submit or view comments and to view supporting and related materials available electronically.
  • Postal Mail/Commercial Delivery: Please send one copy of your comment to Docket No. APHIS-2010-0112, Regulatory Analysis and Development, PPD, APHIS, Station 3A-03.8, 4700 River Road Unit 118, Riverdale, MD 20737-1238. Please state that your comment refers to Docket No. APHIS-2010-0112.

Reading Room: You may read any comments that we receive on this docket in our reading room. The reading room is located in room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue, SW., Washington, DC. Normal reading roomhours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 690-2817 before coming.

Other Information: Additional information about APHIS and its programs is available on the Internet at http://www.aphis.usda.gov.

For Further Information Contact

Mr. Marc Phillips, Import Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737; (301) 734-4394.

Supplementary Information

Background

Under the regulations in “Subpart—Fruits and Vegetables” (7 CFR 319.56-1 through 319.56-50, referred to below as the regulations), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture prohibits or restricts the importation of fruits and vegetables into the United States from certain parts of the world to prevent plant pests from being introduced into and spread within the United States.

Section 319.56-4 contains a performance-based process for approving the importation of commodities that, based on the findings of a pest risk analysis, can be safely imported subject to one or more of the designated phytosanitary measures listed in paragraph (b) of that section. These measures are:

  • The fruits or vegetables are subject to inspection upon arrival in the United States and comply with all applicable provisions of § 319.56-3;
  • The fruits or vegetables are imported from a pest-free area in the country of origin that meets the requirements of § 319.56-5 for freedom from that pest and are accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate stating that the fruits or vegetables originated in a pest-free area in the country of origin;
  • The fruits or vegetables are treated in accordance with 7 CFR part 305;
  • The fruits or vegetables are inspected in the country of origin by an inspector or an official of the national plant protection organization of the exporting country, and have been found free of one or more specific quarantine pests identified by the risk analysis as likely to follow the import pathway; and/or
  • The fruits or vegetables are imported as a commercial consignment.

APHIS received a request from the Government of the Republic of South Africa to allow the importation of fresh litchi fruits, Litchi chinensis, into the continental United States. Currently, fresh litchi fruits are not authorized for entry from the Republic of South Africa. We completed a pest risk assessment to identify pests of quarantine significance that could follow the pathway of importation if such imports were to be allowed and, based on the pest risk assessment, have prepared a risk management document to identify phytosanitary measures that could be applied to the commodity to mitigate the pest risks. We have concluded that fresh litchi fruits can safely be imported into the continental United States from the Republic of South Africa using one or more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in § 319.56-4(b). Therefore, in accordance with § 319.56-4(c)(2), we are announcing the availability of our pest risk analysis for public review and comment. The analysis may be viewed on the Regulations.gov Web site or in our reading room (see ADDRESSESabove for instructions for accessing Regulations.gov and information on the location and hours of the reading room). You may request paper copies of the analysis by calling or writing to the person listed underFOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Please refer to the subject of the analysis that you wish to review when requesting copies.

After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our decision regarding the import status of fresh litchi fruits from the Republic of South Africa in a subsequent notice. If the overall conclusions of the analysis and the Administrator's determination of risk remain unchanged following our consideration of the comments, then we will begin issuing permits for the importation of fresh litchi fruits from the Republic of South Africa into the continental United States subject to the requirements specified in the risk management document.

Authority

7 U.S.C. 450, 7701-7772, and 7781-7786; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.3.

Done in Washington, DC, this 27th day of January 2011.
Kevin Shea,
Acting Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2011-2235 Filed 2-1-11; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P
 
 
Comment Period Closed
Apr 4 2011, at 11:59 PM ET
ID: APHIS-2010-0112-0001
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Date Posted: Feb 2, 2011
Federal Register Number: 2011-02235
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Comments

6
Comments Received*
To Whom It May Concern: The Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services’ Division of Plant Industry reviewed Federal Register Docket No. APHIS-2010...
Tertia Grové Litchi Risk Assessment and Risk Management (APHIS-2010-0112-0002/3) The South African litchi industry has applied to export litchi fruit to the...
Litchi Risk Assessment and Risk Management (APHIS-2010-0112-0002/3) Firstly I would like to thank the USA government for conducting the Pest Risk Assessment...

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