Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards: Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety

This Proposed Rule document was issued by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)

For related information, Open Docket Folder

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
49 CFR Parts 529 Through 578, Except Parts 571 and 575
[Docket No. NHTSA-2013-0116]

Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards; Small Business Impacts of Motor Vehicle Safety


National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation (DOT).


Notice of regulatory review; Request for comments.


NHTSA seeks comments on the economic impact of its regulations on small entities. As required by the Regulatory Flexibility Act, we are attempting to identify rules that may have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. We also request comments on ways to make these regulations easier to read and understand. The focus of this notice is rules that specifically relate to passenger cars, multipurpose passenger vehicles, trucks, buses, trailers, motorcycles, and motor vehicle equipment.


You should submit comments early enough to ensure that Docket Management receives them not later than February 18, 2014.


You may submit comments [identified by Docket Number NHTSA-2013-0116] by any of the following methods:

  • Internet: To submit comments electronically, go to the U.S. Government regulations Web site at http://www.regulations.gov. Follow theonline instructions for submitting comments.
  • Mail: Send comments to Docket Management Facility, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC 20590.
  • Hand Delivery: If you plan to submit written comments by hand or courier, please do so at 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, Washington, DC between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. Eastern Time, Monday through Friday, except federal holidays.
  • Fax: Written comments may be faxed to 202-493-2251.
  • You may call Docket Management at 1-800-647-5527.

Instructions: For detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional information see the Comments heading of the Supplementary Information section of this document. Note that all comments received will be posted without change to http://www.regulations.gov, including any personal information provided. Please see the Privacy Act heading in theSUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

For Further Information Contact

Juanita Kavalauskas, Office of Regulatory Analysis and Evaluation, National Center for Statistics and Analysis, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590 (telephone 202-366-2584, fax 202-366-3189).

Supplementary Information

I. Section 610 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act

A. Background and Purpose

Section 610 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act of 1980 (Pub. L. 96-354), as amended by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (Pub. L. 104-121), requires agencies to conduct periodic reviews of final rules that have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small business entities. The purpose of the reviews is to determine whether such rules should be continued without change, or should be amended or rescinded, consistent with the objectives of applicable statutes, to minimize any significant economic impact of the rules on a substantial number of such small entities.

B. Review Schedule

On November 24, 2008, NHTSA published in theFederal Register(73 FR 71401) a 10-year review plan for its existing regulations. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA, “we”) has divided its rules into 10 groups by subject area. Each group will be reviewed once every 10 years, undergoing a two-stage process—an Analysis Year and a Review Year. For purposes of these reviews, a year will coincide with the fall-to-fall publication schedule of the Semiannual Regulatory Agenda, see http://www.regulations.gov. Year 1 (2008) begins in the fall of 2008 and ends in the fall of 2009; Year 2 (2009) begins in the fall of 2009 and ends in the fall of 2010; and so on.

During the Analysis Year, we will request public comment on and analyze each of the rules in a given year's group to determine whether any rule has a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities and, thus, requires review in accordance with section 610 of the Regulatory Flexibility Act. In each fall's Regulatory Agenda, we will publish the results of the analyses we completed during the previous year. For rules that have subparts, or other discrete sections of rules that do have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities, we will announce that we will be conducting a formal section 610 review during the following 12 months.

The section 610 review will determine whether a specific rule should be revised or revoked to lessen its impact on small entities. We will consider: (1) The continued need for the rule; (2) the nature of complaints or comments received from the public; (3) the complexity of the rule; (4) the extent to which the rule overlaps, duplicates, or conflicts with other federal rules or with state or local government rules; and (5) the length of time since the rule has been evaluated or the degree to which technology, economic conditions, or other factors have changed in the area affected by the rule. At the end of the Review Year, we will publish the results of our review. The following table shows the 10-year analysis and review schedule:

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Section 610 Reviews
YearRegulations to be reviewedAnalysis yearReview year
149 CFR 571.223 through 571.500, and parts 575 and 57920082009
223 CFR parts 1200 and 130020092010
349 CFR parts 501 through 526 and 571.21320102011
449 CFR 571.131, 571.217, 571.220, 571.221, and 571.22220112012
549 CFR 571.101 through 571.110, and 571.135, 571.138 and 571.13920122013
649 CFR parts 529 through 578, except parts 571 and 57520132014
749 CFR 571.111 through 571.129 and parts 580 through 58820142015
849 CFR 571.201 through 571.21220152016
949 CFR 571.214 through 571.219, except 571.21720162017
1049 CFR parts 591 through 595 and new parts and subparts20172018

C. Regulations Under Analysis

During Year 6, we will continue to conduct a preliminary assessment of the following sections of 49 CFR parts 529 through 578, except parts 571 and 575:

529Manufacturers of Multistage Automobiles.
531Passenger Automobile Average Fuel Economy.
533Light Truck Fuel Economy Standards.
534Rights and Responsibilities of Manufacturers in the Context of Changes in Corporate Relationships.
535Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Program.
536Transfer and Trading of Fuel Economy Credits.
537Automotive Fuel Economy Reports.
538Manufacturing Incentives for Alternative Fuel Vehicles.
541Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard.
542Procedures for Selecting Light Duty Truck Lines to be Covered by the Theft Prevention Standard.
543Exemption from Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard.
545Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard Phase-In and Small-Volume Line Reporting Requirements.
551Procedural Rules.
552Petitions for Rulemaking, Defect, and Noncompliance Orders.
553Rulemaking Procedures.
554Standards Enforcement and Defects Investigation.
555Temporary Exemption from Motor Vehicle Safety and Bumper Standards.
556Exemption for Inconsequential Defect or Noncompliance.
557Petitions for Hearings on Notification and Remedy of Defects.
563Event Data Recorders.
564Replaceable Light Source and Sealed Beam Headlamp Information.
565Vehicle Identification Number (VIN) Requirements.
566Manufacturer Identification.
568Vehicles Manufactured in Two or More Stages—All Incomplete, Intermediate and Final-Stage Manufacturers of Vehicles Manufactured in Two or More Stages.
569Regrooved Tires.
570Vehicle In Use Inspection Standards.
572Anthropomorphic Test Devices.
573Defect and Noncompliance Responsibility and Reports.
574Tire Identification and Recordkeeping.
576Record Retention.
577Defect and Noncompliance Notification.
578Civil and Criminal Penalties.

We are seeking comments on whether any requirements in 49 CFR parts 529 through 578, except parts 571 and 575 have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. “Small entities” include small businesses, not-for-profit organizations that are independently owned and operated and are not dominant in their fields, and governmental jurisdictions with populations under 50,000. Business entities are generally defined as small businesses by Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) code, for the purposes of receiving Small Business Administration (SBA) assistance. Size standards established by SBA in 13 CFR 121.201 are expressed either in number of employees or annual receipts in millions of dollars, unless otherwise specified. The number of employees or annual receipts indicates the maximum allowed for a concern and its affiliates to be considered small. If your business or organization is a small entity and if any of the requirements in 49 CFR parts 529 through 578, except parts 571 and 575 have a significant economic impact on your business or organization, please submit a comment to explain how and to what degree these rules affect you, the extent of the economic impact on your business or organization, and why you believe the economic impact is significant.

If the agency determines that there is a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities, it will ask for comment in a subsequent notice during the Review Year on how these impacts could be reduced without reducing safety.

II. Plain Language

A. Background and Purpose

Executive Order 12866 and the President's memorandum of June 1, 1998, require each agency to write all rules in plain language. Application of the principles of plain language includes consideration of the following questions:

  • Have we organized the material to suit the public's needs?
  • Are the requirements in the rule clearly stated?
  • Does the rule contain technical language or jargon that is not clear?
  • Would a different format (grouping and order of sections, use of headings, paragraphing) make the rule easier to understand?
  • Would more (but shorter) sections be better?
  • Could we improve clarity by adding tables, lists, or diagrams?
  • What else could we do to make the rule easier to understand?

If you have any responses to these questions, please include them in your comments on this document.

B. Review Schedule

In conjunction with our section 610 reviews, we will be performing plain language reviews over a ten-year period on a schedule consistent with the section 610 review schedule. We will review 49 CFR parts 529 through 578, except parts 571 and 575 to determine if these regulations can be reorganized and/or rewritten to make them easier to read, understand, and use. We encourage interested persons to submit draft regulatory language that clearly and simply communicates regulatory requirements, and other recommendations, such as for putting information in tables that may make the regulations easier to use.


How do I prepare and submit comments?

Your comments must be written and in English. To ensure that your comments are correctly filed in the Docket, please include the docket number of this document in your comments.

Your comments must not be more than 15 pages long. (49 CFR 553.21.) We established this limit to encourage you to write your primary comments in a concise fashion. However, you may attach necessary additional documents to your comments. There is no limit on the length of the attachments.

Please submit one copy of your comments, including the attachments, to Docket Management at the address given above underADDRESSES.

Please note that pursuant to the Data Quality Act, in order for substantive data to be relied upon and used by theagency, it must meet the information quality standards set forth in the OMB and DOT Data Quality Act guidelines. Accordingly, we encourage you to consult the guidelines in preparing your comments. OMB's guidelines may be accessed at http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_reproducible. DOT's guidelines may be accessed at http://dmses.dot.gov/submit/DataQualityGuidelines.pdf.

Privacy Act: Anyone is able to search the electronic form of all comments received into any of our dockets by the name of the individual submitting the comment (or signing the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in theFederal Registerpublished on April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477-78) or you may visit http://www.regulations.gov.

How can I be sure that my comments were received?

If you wish Docket Management to notify you upon its receipt of your comments, enclose a self-addressed, stamped postcard in the envelope containing your comments. Upon receiving your comments, Docket Management will return the postcard by mail.

How do I submit confidential business information?

If you wish to submit any information under a claim of confidentiality, you should submit three copies of your complete submission, including the information you claim to be confidential business information, to the Chief Counsel, NHTSA, U.S. Department of Transportation, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590. In addition, you should submit a copy, from which you have deleted the claimed confidential business information, to Docket Management at the address given above underADDRESSES. When you send a comment containing information claimed to be confidential business information, you should include a cover letter setting forth the information specified in our confidential business information regulation. (49 CFR Part 512.)

Will the agency consider late comments?

We will consider all comments that Docket Management receives before the close of business on the comment closing date indicated above underDATES. To the extent possible, we will also consider comments that Docket Management receives after that date.

How can I read the comments submitted by other people?

You may read the comments received by Docket Management at the address given above underADDRESSES. The hours of the Docket are indicated above in the same location.

You may also see the comments on the Internet. To read the comments on the Internet, take the following steps:

(1) Go to the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS) at http://www.regulations.gov.

(2) FDMS provides two basic methods of searching to retrieve dockets and docket materials that are available in the system: (a) “Quick Search” to search using a full-text search engine, or (b) “Advanced Search,” which displays various indexed fields such as the docket name, docket identification number, phase of the action, initiating office, date of issuance, document title, document identification number, type of document,Federal Registerreference, CFR citation, etc. Each data field in the advanced search may be searched independently or in combination with other fields, as desired. Each search yields a simultaneous display of all available information found in FDMS that is relevant to the requested subject or topic.

(3) You may download the comments. However, since the comments are imaged documents, instead of word processing documents, the “pdf” versions of the documents are word searchable.

Please note that even after the comment closing date, we will continue to file relevant information in the Docket as it becomes available. Further, some people may submit late comments. Accordingly, we recommend that you periodically check the Docket for new material.


49 U.S.C. 30111, 30168; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.50 and 501.8.

Issued in Washington, DC, on December 10, 2013.
Terry Shelton,
Associate Administrator for the National Center for Statistics and Analysis.
[FR Doc. 2013-29744 Filed 12-16-13; 8:45 am]
Comment Now!
Due Feb 18 2014, at 11:59 PM ET
ID: NHTSA-2013-0116-0001
View original printed format:

Document Information

Date Posted: Dec 17, 2013
RIN: Not Assigned
CFR: 49CFR Parts 529 Through 578, Except 571, 575
Federal Register Number: 2013-29744
Show More Details  


Comments Received*
See attached file(s)

Docket Information

This document is contained in
Related Dockets:
Related RINs: None
Related Documents:
Related Comments:

* This count refers to the total comment/submissions received on this document, as of 11:59 PM yesterday. Note: Agencies review all submissions, however some agencies may choose to redact, or withhold, certain submissions (or portions thereof) such as those containing private or proprietary information, inappropriate language, or duplicate/near duplicate examples of a mass-mail campaign. This can result in discrepancies between this count and those displayed when conducting searches on the Public Submission document type. For specific information about an agency’s public submission policy, refer to its website or the Federal Register document.

Document text and images courtesy of the
Federal Register